Broad classifications of sleep disorders
  • Dysomnias - A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. MeSH
    • Insomnia
    • Narcolepsy
    • Obstructive sleep apnea
    • Restless leg syndrome
    • Periodic limb movement disorder
    • Hypersomnia
      • Recurrent hypersomnia - including Kleine-Levin syndrome
      • Posttraumatic hypersomnia
      • "Healthy" hypersomnia
    • Circadian rhythm sleep disorders
      • Delayed sleep phase syndrome
      • Advanced sleep phase syndrome
      • Non-24-hour sleep-wake syndrome
  • Parasomnias
    • REM sleep behaviour disorder
    • Sleep terror
    • Sleepwalking (or somnambulism)
    • Tooth-grinding
    • Bedwetting or sleep enuresis.
    • Sudden infant death syndrome (or SIDS)
    • Sleep talking (or somniloquy)
    • Sleep sex (or sexsomnia)
    • Exploding head syndrome - Waking up in the night hearing loud noises.
  • Medical or Psychiatric Conditions that may produce sleep disorders
    • Psychoses (such as Schizophrenia)
    • Mood disorders
    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Panic
    • Alcoholism
  • Sleeping sickness - can be carried by the Tsetse fly
  • Snoring - Not a disorder in and of itself, but it can be a symptom of deeper problems.
    


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